Quotation Pintar, Nico, Scherngell, Thomas. 2021. The complex nature of regional knowledge production: Evidence on European regions. Research Policy (RP).




Knowledge creation is widely considered as the central driver for innovation, and accordingly, for creating competitive advantage. However, most measurement approaches have so far mainly focused on the quantitative dimension of knowledge creation, neglecting that not all knowledge has the same value (Balland and Rigby, 2017). The notion of knowledge complexity has come into use in this context just recently as an attempt to measure the quality of knowledge in terms of its uniqueness and its replicability. The central underlying assumption is that more complex knowledge is more difficult to be replicated, and therefore provides a higher competitive advantage for firms, or at an aggregated level, regions and countries. The objective of this study is to advance and apply measures for regional knowledge complexity to a set of European regions, and to highlight its potential in a regional policy context. This is done by, first, characterising the spatial distribution of complex knowledge in Europe and its dynamics in recent years, second, establishing that knowledge complexity is associated with future regional economic growth, and third, illustrating the usefulness of the measures by means of some policy relevant example applications. We proxy the production of complex knowledge with a regional knowledge complexity index (KCI) that is based on regional patent data of European metropolitan regions from current EU and EFTA member countries. The results are promising as the regional KCI unveils knowledge creation patterns not observed by conventional measures. Moreover, regional complexity measures can be easily combined with relatedness metrics to support policy makers in a smart specialisation context.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Research Policy (RP)
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, MAN-A, STRAT-A, VW-B, WH-A
Language English
Title The complex nature of regional knowledge production: Evidence on European regions
Year 2021
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0048733320302444?via%3Dihub
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.104170
Open Access N
JEL R11 R12 O25 O30 O33


Pintar, Nico (Details)
Scherngell, Thomas (Details)
Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1807 Economic geography (Details)
5350 Innovation research (Details)
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