Quotation Pape, Ulla, Brandsen, Taco, Pahl, Joachim Benedikt, Pieliński, Bartosz, Baturina, Danijel, Brookes, Nadia, Chaves-Avila, Rafael, Kendall, Jeremy, Matančević, Jelena, Petrella, Francesca, Rentzsch, Christina, Richez-Battesti, Nadine, Savall-Morera, Teresa, Simsa, Ruth, Zimmer, Annette. 2019. Changing Policy Environments in Europe and the Resilience of the Third Sector. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. 31 238-249.




In the article, we analyse the impact of changing policy environments on the development of the third sector in Europe. Based on the results of systematic comparative research in eight European countries (Austria, Croatia, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the UK), we identify commonalities and differences. In a three-step analysis, we examine policy changes, effects on the third sector and responses by third sector organizations (TSOs) in the social domain. Overall, the third sector in Europe has proven resilient. However, not only have public and private funding decreased, the process for acquiring such funding has become more demanding for TSOs, as have requirements to be accountable. There are signs of a proliferation of more market-based, hybrid organizations. Despite this general trend towards marketization, the impact of policy changes varies across Europe with TSOs being better equipped to adapt and survive in countries where collaborative ties between the state and the third sector have traditionally been strong.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new INF-A, MAN-A, STRAT-B, WH-B
Language English
Title Changing Policy Environments in Europe and the Resilience of the Third Sector
Volume 31
Year 2019
Page from 238
Page to 249
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11266-018-00087-z
Open Access N


Simsa, Ruth (Details)
Baturina, Danijel (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
Brandsen, Taco (Radboud University, Netherlands)
Brookes, Nadia (University of Kent, United Kingdom)
Chaves-Avila, Rafael (University of Valencia, Spain)
Kendall, Jeremy (University of Kent, United Kingdom)
Matančević, Jelena (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
Pahl, Joachim Benedikt (WWU Münster, Germany)
Pape, Ulla (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany)
Petrella, Francesca (Aix-Marseille University, France)
Pieliński, Bartosz (Warsaw University, Poland)
Rentzsch, Christina (Universität Münster, Germany)
Richez-Battesti, Nadine (Aix-Marseille University, France)
Savall-Morera, Teresa (University of Valencia, Spain)
Zimmer, Annette (Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany)
Institute for Sociology and Social Research IN (Details)
Research Institute for Cooperation and Cooperatives FI (Details)
Competence Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship WE (Details)
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