Quotation Nairz-Wirth, Erna, Gitschthaler, Marie. 2019. Relational Analysis of the Phenomenon of Early School Leaving: A Habitus Typology. European Educational Research Journal. 19 (5), 398-411.




Although there is an extensive body of literature on the causes and consequences of early school leaving (ESL), little is known of how early school leavers cope with their situation after having left the education system. This paper’s main objective is to fill this research gap. At first we look at developments in the social positioning of early school leavers in Austria that show that their situation has deteriorated not only because of changes in the labour market (e.g. due to globalization) but also because of displacement processes that are influenced by habitus formation and capital endowment. Drawing on Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and capital, we explored the situation of young people who had left school early. We used a multi-perspective approach and conducted 123 narrative interviews which we analysed by grouping cases that demonstrated similar social practice and perception patterns generated by a set of socially learned dispositions. Thus we were able to reconstruct a habitus typology consisting of seven different types: the ‘ambitious’, the ‘status-oriented’, the ‘non-conformist’, the ‘disoriented’, the ‘resigned’, the ‘escapist’ and the ‘caring’. How young people experience stigmatization is the common thread that runs through all seven habitus types.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal European Educational Research Journal
Citation Index SSCI
Language English
Title Relational Analysis of the Phenomenon of Early School Leaving: A Habitus Typology
Volume 19
Number 5
Year 2019
Page from 398
Page to 411
Reviewed? Y
URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1474904119893916
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1474904119893916
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/epub/10.1177/1474904119893916


Nairz, Erna (Details)
Gitschthaler, Marie (Former researcher)
Education Sciences Group AB (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5403 Educational sociology (Details)
5405 Empirical social research (Details)
5803 Educational research (Details)
5808 University didactics (Details)
5815 Theoretical pedagogy (Details)
5817 Comparative educational science (Details)
5821 Adult education (Details)
5952 Migration research, emigration -, (Details)
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