Quotation Tödtling, Franz. 2020. Endogenous Regional Development. In International Encyclopedia of Human Geography 2nd edition, Hrsg. Audrey Kobayashi, Oxford: Elsevier.




Endogenous regional development (ERD) is a concept and strategy for the economic development of regions both in advanced and developing countries. It has been stated as a counter-thesis to regional development driven mainly by external actors and factors. Core ideas and elements are the understanding of development as a bottom-up process, suggesting a key role of regional actors and initiatives as well as of social agents and civil society, as well as a high importance of regional institutions, policy competences, and decision-making functions. It is an integrated approach taking account of economic and social interdependencies, and it emphasizes a sustainable use of natural and other resources. Endogenous regional development was inspired by theories of economic development, evolutionary economics, innovation, and learning theories. It has been further developed in different variants such as bottom-up development, regional learning, regional innovation systems and place-based development. These latter approaches partly differ from ERD, but they also share many elements relating them to the endogenous regional development approach. Such common elements are the search for regional specificities, uniqueness, and identity as a source of competitive advantages; a high importance of regional institutions, social capital, and networks; a key role of entrepreneurship and innovation. They share the view that despite strong tendencies of globalization and the use of modern information and communication technologies, learning and innovation remain to a high degree territorially embedded processes, based on tacit knowledge and its exchange, and on a specific setting of local, regional and national institutions.


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Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Encyclopedia article
Language English
Title Endogenous Regional Development
Title of whole publication International Encyclopedia of Human Geography 2nd edition
Editor Audrey Kobayashi
Location Oxford
Publisher Elsevier
Year 2020
ISBN 9780081022955


Tödtling, Franz (Details)
Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5329 Economics of location (Details)
5331 Structural policy (Details)
5350 Innovation research (Details)
5606 Spatial research (Details)
5608 Regional development planning (Details)
5611 Urban and regional analysis (Details)
5618 Regional economy (Details)
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