Quotation Schramm, Hans-Joachim. 2020. A cliometric approach to market structure and market conduct in the car carrier industry. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 8 (2), 394-402.




Today, products from the automotive industry represent an important share of international trade. Following a cliometric approach, the paper examines this market of seaborne motor vehicle transportation over the last three decades from 1985 to 2016 backed by extensive historical data about seaborne motor vehicle trades and shipping operators active in this rather small, but very demanding segment of the maritime transport domain. More specifically, market structure and theoretical market conduct of these shipping operators active in a rather oligopolistic transport market environment firstly explored by common market structure metrics and further analysed by structural, parametric statistical methods in sense of the New-Empirical-Industrial-Organization (NEIO) Theory. Accordingly, the theoretical market conduct is estimated by a simultaneous equation model, which includes a demand function for seaborne vehicle trades, and a market conduct function of the shipping operators including an implicit cost or productivity function of the car carrier fleet employed. For the given time frame, some interesting findings are as follows: (1) volatile demand for shipping of motor vehicles overseas can be explained well through shifts in trade flows to a high extent; (2) overall transport capacity, average size, operating speed and age of vessels in service are the main measures of the shipping operators available to adjust to this volatile demand on a short to medium run; (3) despite significant merger and acquisition activity, market exits and entries, this transport market got slightly less concentrated as today more shipping operators are active there than in the past; (4) estimated market conduct of the shipping operators seems to show a price setting slightly over their marginal costs with a strong trend towards a fully competitive market after 1996.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Case Studies on Transport Policy
Language English
Title A cliometric approach to market structure and market conduct in the car carrier industry
Volume 8
Number 2
Year 2020
Page from 394
Page to 402
Reviewed? Y
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2019.03.012
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2019.03.012
Open Access N


Schramm, Hans-Joachim (Details)
Department of Global Business and Trade DP (Details)
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