Quotation Willems, Jurgen, Huybrechts, Gert, Jegers, Marc, Vantilborgh, Tim, Bidee, Jemima, Pepermans, Roland. 2012. Volunteer decisions (not) to leave: Reasons to quit versus functional motives to stay. Human Relations. 65 (7), 883-900.




In this article we test whether reasons to quit volunteering can be structured as the commonly used six functional motives to volunteer of Clary et al. (1998). We conjecture that owing to volunteer involvement in an organization, additional contextual factors influence the choice to stop volunteering for that organization. Based on a literature review and a qualitative exploratory analysis, we present items respectively measuring motives to volunteer among active volunteers and reasons to quit among former volunteers in the context of the Scouts and Guides Organization in Flanders (Belgium). We test content-wise symmetry based on expert-rater agreement, while structural symmetry is tested based on factor analyses. Results show that no symmetry can be found. However, additional contextual factors clearly determine the decision to leave an organization. We theorize on how these individual, interpersonal and organizational factors are continuously traded off by volunteers during their involvement in a particular organization.


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  • motivations
  • volunteer
  • reasons to quit
  • scouting
  • factor analysis

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Human Relations
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new MAN-A, STRAT-B, WH-A
Language English
Title Volunteer decisions (not) to leave: Reasons to quit versus functional motives to stay
Volume 65
Number 7
Year 2012
Page from 883
Page to 900
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234163113_Volunteer_decisions_not_to_leave_Reasons_to_quit_versus_functional_motives_to_stay
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726712442554
Open Access N


Willems, Jurgen (Details)
Bidee, Jemima (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Huybrechts, Gert (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Jegers, Marc (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Pepermans, Roland (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Vantilborgh, Tim (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5234 Administrative science (Details)
5308 Management sciences (Details)
5363 Non-profit-sector research (NPO, NPI) (Details)
5501 General psychology (Details)
6906 Public research (Details)
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