Quotation Gill, David A., Cheng, Samantha H., Glew, Louise, Aigner, Ernest, Bennett, Nathan J., Mascia, Michael B. 2019. Social Synergies, Tradeoffs, and Equity in Marine Conservation Impacts. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 44 347-372.




Biodiversity conservation interventions often aim to benefit both nature and people; however, the social impacts of these interventions remain poorly understood. We reviewed recent literature on the social impacts of four marine conservation interventions to understand the synergies, tradeoffs, and equity (STE) of these impacts, focusing on the direction, magnitude, and distribution of impacts across domains of human wellbeing and across spatial, temporal, and social scales. STE literature has increased dramatically since 2000, particularly for marine protected areas (MPAs), but remains limited. Few studies use rigorous counterfactual study designs, and significant research gaps remain regarding specific wellbeing domains (culture, education), social groups (gender, age, ethnic groups), and impacts over time. Practitioners and researchers should recognize the role of shifting property rights, power asymmetries, individual capabilities, and resource dependency in shaping STE in conservation outcomes, and utilize multi-consequential frameworks to support the wellbeing of vulnerable and marginalized groups.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Social Synergies, Tradeoffs, and Equity in Marine Conservation Impacts
Volume 44
Year 2019
Page from 347
Page to 372
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-environ-110718-032344
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-110718-032344
Open Access N


Aigner, Ernest (Details)
Bennett, Nathan J. (Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries & Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V, United States/USA)
Cheng, Samantha H. (Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York 10024, USA; email: scheng@amnh.org, United States/USA)
Gill, David A. (Duke University Marine Laboratory, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516, USA; email: david.gill@duke.edu, United States/USA)
Glew, Louise (Global Science, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC 20037, USA; email: Louise.Glew@wwf.org, United States/USA)
Mascia, Michael B. (Moore Center for Science, Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia 22202, USA; email: mmascia@conservation.org, United States/USA)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1452 Biodiversity research (Details)
1703 Water pollution control (Details)
1917 Environmental protection (Details)
1931 Nature conservation (- research) (Details)
5407 Ethics and social sciences (Details)
5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)
5963 Evaluation research (Details)
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