Quotation Fahrenbach, Florian, Kragulj, Florian. 2019. The Ever-Changing Personality: Revisiting the Concept of Triple-Loop Learning. The Learning Organization. 2 (7)




Considering personality as changeable through a bottom-up process of altering states, habits and traits, constitutes a shift in the predominant paradigm within personality psychology. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider Bateson’s theory of learning and organizational triple-loop learning in light of this recent empirical evidence. This paper uses a multi-disciplinary conceptual approach. Based on an integrative analysis of literature from recent work in personality psychology, four dimensions (process, content, time and context) are identified that allow linking personality change and triple-loop learning. Identifying a bottom-up process of changing states, habits and traits as being central to change personality, allows for reconsidering Bateson’s theory of learning as a theory of personality development (Learning II) and personality change (Learning III). Functionally equivalent, organizational triple-loop learning is conceptualized as a change in an organization’s identity over time that may be facilitated through a change in responding to events and a change in the organization’s routines.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal The Learning Organization
Citation Index A&HCI
Language English
Title The Ever-Changing Personality: Revisiting the Concept of Triple-Loop Learning
Volume 2
Number 7
Year 2019
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/TLO-01-2019-0016
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/TLO-01-2019-0016/full/html


Knowledge-Based Management
IAGF - eine lernende Organisation
Fahrenbach, Florian (Former researcher)
Kragulj, Florian (Details)
Knowledge Management Group AB (Details)
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