Quotation Fürst, Elmar Wilhelm M., Herold, David Martin. 2018. Fare Evasion and Ticket Forgery in Public Transport: Insights from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Societies, 8, (4), 98




Local public transport companies provide important mobility services to the general public. Although these services are usually subsidised, companies rely on revenues generated by ticket sales. Therefore, fare evasion (i.e., people using a transport service without paying for it) and ticket forgery (the production of an illegal ticket facsimile) have considerable influence on the companies’ economic sustainability. As existing research regarding the economic perspective is limited, this paper presents a Delphi study that investigates the phenomena with a survey of experts in public transport companies and transport associations in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The findings of the survey provide insights into the overall perception and discuss relevant aspects of both fare evasion and ticket forgery, thereby not only highlighting practical implications, but also helping policy makers shape adequate policies for public transport in societies.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Societies
Language English
Title Fare Evasion and Ticket Forgery in Public Transport: Insights from Germany, Austria and Switzerland
Volume 8
Number 4
Year 2018
Page from 98
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/8/4/98
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/soc8040098
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/8/4/98


Fürst, Elmar Wilhelm (Details)
Herold, David Martin (Details)
Institute for Transport and Logistics Management (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
2804 Transport economics (Details)
5300 Economics (Details)
5307 Business and management economics (Details)
5320 Marketing (Details)
5321 Market research (Details)
5332 Transport economics (Details)
5354 Business logistics (Details)
5365 Quality management (Details)
5405 Empirical social research (Details)
5615 Traffic planning, - security (Details)
5942 European integration (Details)
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