Quotation Meyer, Michael, Leitner, Johannes. 2018. Slack and innovation: The role of human resources in nonprofits. Nonprofit Management & Leadership. 29 (2), 181-202.




Resources are often seen as a key factor in innovation. For business organizations, it has been shown that there is a relation between the lack or abundance of resources and the innovativeness of organizations. It is specifically abundance that fosters innovations, not shortage. We investigated this relationship for nonprofits based on a cross‐sectional survey of 250 Austrian nonprofit organizations (NPOs). According to levels of disposability, we differentiate between available slack, recoverable slack, and potential slack. Turning to the type of resources, we distinguish financial slack from different types of HR slack: levels of motivation and qualification and levels of compensation, addressing the level of employees' wages. Our results indicate that in NPOs human resources slack rather than financial slack has a positive impact on innovativeness.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Nonprofit Management & Leadership
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new INF-A, STRAT-B, VW-D, WH-B
Language English
Title Slack and innovation: The role of human resources in nonprofits
Volume 29
Number 2
Year 2018
Page from 181
Page to 202
Reviewed? Y
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/nml.21316
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/research/results/edit/86276/


Meyer, Michael (Details)
Leitner, Johannes (FH des bfi Wien, Austria)
Institute for Nonprofit Management IN (Details)
Competence Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship WE (Details)
Competence Center for Sustainability Transformation and Responsibility WE (Details)
WU Entrepreneurship Center WE (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1142 Systems theory (Details)
5324 Organizational research (Details)
5363 Non-profit-sector research (NPO, NPI) (Details)
5405 Empirical social research (Details)
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