Quotation Schanes, Karin, Jäger, Jill, Drummond, Paul. 2018. Three Scenario Narratives for a Resource-Efficient and Low-Carbon Europe in 2050. Ecological Economics. 155 70-79.




Global trends in production and consumption and the associated use of natural resources are far from sustainable. There is a growing recognition of the need to tackle overexploitation of resources, including materials, land, water and carbon. However, transformations to a more resource-efficient economy and society are complex. This paper elaborates three possible scenarios for a resource-efficient economy in Europe. We describe three scenarios and characterize the key differences between them. The basis of the three scenarios - Global Cooperation, Europe Goes Ahead and Civil Society Leads - is very different governance models, worldviews and actors who drive the process. Each scenario encompasses a number of challenges, which are also described. A resource-efficient economy could be advanced through top-down agreements, through market-based mechanisms driving technological solutions, and through bottom-up behavioural changes and community based initiatives focusing on both efficiency and sufficiency. In reality, a combination of these approaches is likely to be required for the achievement of ambitious resource-efficiency targets in Europe.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Ecological Economics
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title Three Scenario Narratives for a Resource-Efficient and Low-Carbon Europe in 2050
Volume 155
Year 2018
Page from 70
Page to 79
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917302367
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.02.009
Open Access N


Schanes, Karin (Former researcher)
Drummond, Paul (Institute for Sustainable Resources, University College London, United Kingdom, United Kingdom)
Jäger, Jill (Independent Scholar, Austria)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
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