Quotation Silbermayr, Lena, Jammernegg, Werner, Kischka, Peter. 2017. Inventory pooling with environmental constraints using copulas. European Journal of Operational Research (EJOR). 263 (2), 479-492.




Pooling is a best practice in inventory management for economic objectives. In this paper we investigate whether pooling stays advantageous if environmental sustainability is considered in addition to the economic performance, i.e. we analyze whether pooling could have a negative impact on the environment and evaluate the resulting trade-off between economic and environmental performance. Within the newsvendor framework we consider three pooling models: pooling via centralized ordering, physical centralization including inventory allocation to the retailers with priority allocation, and transshipments. In addition, we include environmental constraints based on carbon emissions covering all manufacturing and logistics operations of the product.We characterize the optimal policy of the pooling models with emission constraints, make a detailed comparison between the models and compare them to the decentralized (i.e. no pooling) case. Using copulas to model the joint distribution of dependent demands we prove that the profit decreases with increasing demand dependence. Further, if the environmental constraint is binding, optimal inventory level and emissions decrease with increasing demand dependence and pooling harms the environment compared to the case of no pooling. Additionally, we numerically evaluate the impact of copulas and characterize when the economic and environmental performance of pooling can be balanced.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal European Journal of Operational Research (EJOR)
Citation Index SCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, INF-A, STRAT-A, VW-B, WH-A
Language English
Title Inventory pooling with environmental constraints using copulas
Volume 263
Number 2
Year 2017
Page from 479
Page to 492
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2017.04.060
Open Access N


Silbermayr, Lena (Details)
Jammernegg, Werner (Details)
Kischka, Peter (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany)
Institute for Production Management (Reiner) (Details)
Information Systems and Operations Management DP (Details)
Institute for Production Management IN (Details)
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