Quotation Hyun-Jung, Lee, Chei Hwee, Chua, Miska, Christof, Stahl, Günter. 2017. Looking out or looking up: Gender differences in expatriate turnover intentions. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management. 24 (2), 288-309.




With the steady increase in the number of female expatriates and multinational corporations’ (MNCs’) pressing need for global female talent, understanding the factors that attract and retain female expatriates is urgent. Drawing from the literatures on gender differences in (domestic) labor turnover and gender differences in social networks, we investigate gender differences in expatriates' turnover intentions. We collected data via a questionnaire survey from an international sample of female (N=164) and male (N=1,509) expatriates who were on a company-sponsored international assignment at the time of completing the survey. Our findings show that female expatriates’ turnover intentions are mainly explained by satisfaction with company support. In contrast, male expatriates’ turnover intentions are explained by repatriation concerns and perceived gap between within- and outside-company career-advancement opportunities, in addition to satisfaction with company support. We did not find any gender differences in the levels of turnover intention per se.


Press 'enter' for creating the tag

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Cross Cultural & Strategic Management
Citation Index SSCI
Language English
Title Looking out or looking up: Gender differences in expatriate turnover intentions
Volume 24
Number 2
Year 2017
Page from 288
Page to 309
Reviewed? Y
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/CCSM-02-2016-0046
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/CCSM-02-2016-0046
Open Access Y


Miska, Christof (Details)
Stahl, Günter (Details)
Chei Hwee, Chua (University of Miami, United States/USA)
Hyun-Jung, Lee (London School of Economics, United Kingdom)
Institute for International Business (Stahl) (Details)
Google Scholar: Search