Quotation Naqvi, Syed Ali Asjad, Zwickl, Klara. 2017. Fifty shades of green: Revisiting decoupling by economic sectors and air pollutants. Ecological Economics 133, 111-126.




Using a consistent dataset for eighteen EU countries, six economic sectors, and six pollution indicators, we analyze decoupling of production–based emissions from GDP growth from 1995 to 2008. Computing decoupling factors as defined by the OECD (2002), we find that in almost all sectors and by almost all pollutants the median EU country had at least some decoupling. However, considerable heterogeneity in its magnitude can be observed across countries, sectors, and pollutants. For most pollutants and sectors, median decoupling performance improved from 2001–2008 compared to 1995–2001, while between–country disparities increased simultaneously. In a second step, we investigate country–level changes in decoupling states between the two sub–periods based on Tapio (2005). We find high diversity across countries and over time. To explain these differences across countries and sectors, we assess the impact of environmental policy stringency, and find tentative evidence that stricter policy encourages decoupling, however the effects are small and imprecise, differ by economic sector and pollutant, and take several years to materialize.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Ecological Economics
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title Fifty shades of green: Revisiting decoupling by economic sectors and air pollutants
Volume 133
Year 2017
Page from 111
Page to 126
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.09.017


Naqvi, Syed Ali Asjad (Details)
Zwickl, Klara (Details)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1133 Computer-aided simulation (Details)
2928 Environmental economics (Details)
5300 Economics (Details)
5323 Econometrics (Details)
5353 Environmental economics (Details)
5368 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5924 Environmental economics (Details)
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