Quotation Card, David, Kluve, Jochen , Weber, Andrea. 2018. What Works? A Meta Analysis of Recent Active Labor Market Program Evaluations. Journal of the European Economic Association. 16 (3), 894-931.




We summarize the estimates from over 200 recent studies of active labor market programs. We classify the estimates by type of program and participant group, and distinguish between three different post-program time horizons. Using regression models for the estimated program effect (for studies that model the probability of employment) and for the sign and significance of the estimated effect (for all the studies in our sample) we conclude that: (1) average impacts are close to zero in the short run, but become more positive 2–3 years after completion of the program; (2) the time profile of impacts varies by type of program, with larger average gains for programs that emphasize human capital accumulation; (3) there is systematic heterogeneity across participant groups, with larger impacts for females and participants who enter from long term unemployment; (4) active labor market programs are more likely to show positive impacts in a recession.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Journal of the European Economic Association
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, VW-A, WH-A
Language English
Title What Works? A Meta Analysis of Recent Active Labor Market Program Evaluations.
Volume 16
Number 3
Year 2018
Page from 894
Page to 931
Reviewed? Y
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/jeea/jvx028
Open Access N


Weber, Andrea (Former researcher)
Card, David (University of California Berkeley, United States/USA)
Kluve, Jochen (RWI-Essen, Germany)
Department of Economics (Kartal) (Details)
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