Quotation de Koning, Arjan, Bruckner, Martin, Lutter, Franz Stephan, Wood, Richard, Stadler, Konstantin, Tukker, Arnold. 2015. Effect of aggregation and disaggregation on embodied material use of products in input-output analysis. Ecological Economics 116, 289-299.




Consumption-based material footprints calculated with multi-regional input–output (mrIO) analysis are influenced by the sectoral, spatial and material aggregations used in the mrIO tables, and lack of disaggregation can be a source of uncertainty. This study investigated the effect of the resolution of mrIO databases on consumption-based material footprints. The effect of aggregation was investigated by constructing input–output tables with different spatial, product and material category resolutions and comparing the calculated material footprints. Our results indicate that the material footprints of countries calculated using the different spatial and product aggregations are in general in the order of a few percent, with outliers in the order of 25% difference. The use of IO models with a low product category resolution (e.g. 60 product categories) to calculate the embodied material use of individual products will likely result in inaccurate estimations of the total embodied material for some product categories. Aggregating the original 46 material categories into 16 categories changes the calculated material footprint of countries by about 30%. This result strongly suggests that the material data used to create the extensions for the IO framework should be collected at the highest resolution that is practically feasible.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Ecological Economics
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title Effect of aggregation and disaggregation on embodied material use of products in input-output analysis
Volume 116
Year 2015
Page from 289
Page to 299
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.05.008


Bruckner, Martin (Details)
Lutter, Franz Stephan (Details)
de Koning, Arjan (CML, Netherlands)
Stadler, Konstantin
Tukker, Arnold
Wood, Richard
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5368 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
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