Quotation Giljum, Stefan, Hak, Tomas, Hinterberger, Friedrich, Kovanda, Jan. 2005. Environmental governance in the European Union: strategies and instruments for absolute decoupling. International Journal of Sustainable Development 8 (1): 31-46.




The EU recently emphasised the need to speed up the pace of reforms to improve the state of the environment both in Europe and internationally. This becomes in particular challenging, as the "Lisbon Strategy" defines the general goal of an annual economic growth rate of 3%. Decoupling of economic growth from the use of natural resources and the production of waste and emissions is regarded as the core strategy to reconcile environmental protection and continued economic growth. However, measurable policy targets are to a large extent, missing. Furthermore, a comprehensive headline indicator for the evaluation of progress towards an absolute reduction of environmental pressures is missing in the Lisbon indicator set. We use the concept of societal metabolism as a framework for deriving priority environmental policy themes for decoupling efforts. A mix of policy instruments is suggested for achieving the overarching target of absolute decoupling through dematerialisation (quantity) and detoxification (quality) of production and consumption activities.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal International Journal of Sustainable Development
Language English
Title Environmental governance in the European Union: strategies and instruments for absolute decoupling
Volume 8
Number 1
Year 2005
Page from 31
Page to 46
Reviewed? Y
URL http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/4FXL0WWLEMC25V0E


Giljum, Stefan (Details)
Hak, Tomas
Hinterberger, Friedrich
Kovanda, Jan
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
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