Quotation Demel, Barbara, Shen, Yan, Hall, Douglas T., Mayrhofer, Wolfgang, Chudzikowski, Katharina, Unite, Julie, Briscoe, Jon P., Abdul-Ghani, Rohayu, Bogicevic Milikic, Biljana, Colorado, Ociel, Fei, Zhangfeng, Las Heras, Mireia, Ogliastri, Enrique, Pazy, Asya, Poon, June M. L., Shefer, Dana, Taniguchi, Mami, Zikic, Jelena. 2009. Cracking the Fortune Cookies: Influencing Factors in Career Success across 11 Countries. Academy of Management, Chicago, Illinois, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 07.08.-11.08.




Are there universal factors leading to career success around the world, or is success defined in particular ways in different cultures? This exploratory study aims to identify how people conceptualize career success and what factors influence their career success. This is one of the first studies that look at career success and corresponding influencing factors from a qualitative, theory-generating perspective across all the seven culture clusters identified by Schwartz (2004). It consists of 224 semi-structured interviews in three occupational groups (i.e. business, nursing, and blue collar) across 11 countries, spanning two generations of workers (under 35 and over 50). Findings from this study facilitate the understanding of the global perception of career success and related influencing factors. This study shows that individuals, regardless of the cultural contexts, tend to define career success from both objective and subjective perspectives, with achievement as the most important indicator of career success across all countries. However, the relative importance of objective vs. subjective meanings of career success varies across countries. The context of work (e.g., support from one’s employing organization, superiors, and peers) is perceived as the most critical factor influencing one’s career success at the aggregated level. But each country demonstrates different patterns in terms of the salience of different influencing factors. Findings from the study further suggest that although there are very few factors in success that are universal, there is clear evidence of some commonalities across the countries.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium
Language English
Title Cracking the Fortune Cookies: Influencing Factors in Career Success across 11 Countries
Event Academy of Management
Year 2009
Date 07.08.-11.08
Country United States/USA
Location Chicago, Illinois
URL http://division.aomonline.org/careers/careerforumabstracts.htm


Demel, Barbara (Former researcher)
Mayrhofer, Wolfgang (Details)
Chudzikowski, Katharina (Details)
Abdul-Ghani, Rohayu (Malaysia)
Bogicevic Milikic, Biljana (University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)
Briscoe, Jon P. (Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, United States/USA)
Colorado, Ociel (Mexico)
Fei, Zhangfeng (China)
Hall, Douglas T. (Boston University, Boston, United States/USA)
Las Heras, Mireia (IESE Business School, Barcelona, Spain)
Ogliastri, Enrique (Costa Rica)
Pazy, Asya (Israel)
Poon, June M. L. (Malaysia)
Shefer, Dana (Israel)
Shen, Yan (Boston University, Boston, United States/USA)
Taniguchi, Mami (Japan)
Unite, Julie (Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, United States/USA)
Zikic, Jelena (York University, Toronto, Canada)
Interdisciplinary Institute for Management and Organizational Behavior IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5352 Human resource management, personnel management (Details)
5502 Occupational-, industrial psychology (Details)
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