Quotation Reyman, Katarzyna, Maier, Gunther. 2022. Institutional factors and the timing of land development: a survival analysis applied to the GZM Metropolis in Poland. Journal of European Real Estate Research. 15




Purpose The purpose of the article is to improve the understanding of the role of institutional factors in real estate development. The authors take into account zoning (existence and type), type of right of disposal and type of buyer and seller of property in a multivariate econometric estimation. Dependent variable of the analysis is the time between acquisition of empty land and the application for a building permit, a period when many important development decisions have to be made. This indicator is closely related to debated phenomena like land hording and speculation. Design/methodology/approach The authors estimate a Cox proportional hazard model with the time between acquisition and application for a building permit as dependent variable and institutional indicators and a number of control variables as explanatory variables. Study area is the GZM Metropolis in the South of Poland. This region shows enough variability in institutional arrangements to allow for this type of analysis. Findings The analysis shows that institutional factors significantly influence the real estate development process. In areas that have not issued a zoning plan, the period until the building permit application is significantly longer. When the state is involved in a transaction (as purchaser or seller), it also takes longer until the building permit application is submitted. Although the instrument is usually intended to speed up development, perpetual usufruct implies a longer period until building permit application. Because of the results the authors get for control variables and for robustness checks, the authors are confident of the results of the analysis. Originality/value To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that deals with the question how institutional factors influence the timing of real estate development. By using data for a region in Poland, the authors also add to knowledge about real estate development in CEE countries.


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Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Journal of European Real Estate Research
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Institutional factors and the timing of land development: a survival analysis applied to the GZM Metropolis in Poland
Volume 15
Year 2022
URL https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JERER-04-2021-0021/full/xml
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/jerer-04-2021-0021
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JERER-04-2021-0021/full/html


Reyman, Katarzyna (Details)
Maier, Gunther (Details)
Research Institute for Spatial and Real Estate Economics FI (Details)
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