Quotation Fischer, Manfred M., Zhu, Di, Liu, Yu, Yao, Xin. 2021. Spatial regression graph convolutional neural networks. A deep learning paradigm for spatial multivariate distributions. Geoinformatica.


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Abstract

Geospatial artificial intelligence (GeoAI) has emerged as a subfield of GIScience that uses artificial intelligence approaches and machine learning techniques for geographic knowledge discovery. The non-regularity of data structures has recently led to different variants of graph neural networks in the field of computer science, with graph convolutional neural networks being one of the most prominent that operate on non-euclidean structured data where the numbers of nodes connections vary and the nodes are unordered. These networks use graph convolution – commonly known as filters or kernels – in place of general matrix multiplication in at least one of their layers. This paper suggests spatial regression graph convolutional neural networks (SRGCNNs) as a deep learning paradigm that is capable of handling a wide range of geographical tasks where multivariate spatial data needs modeling and prediction. The feasibility of SRGCNNs lies in the feature propagation mechanisms, the spatial locality nature, and a semi-supervised training strategy. In the experiments, this paper demonstrates the operation of SRGCNNs with social media check-in data in Beijing and house price data in San Diego. The results indicate that a well-trained SRGCNN model is capable of learning from samples and performing reasonable predictions for unobserved locations.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Geoinformatica
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Spatial regression graph convolutional neural networks. A deep learning paradigm for spatial multivariate distributions.
Year 2021
Reviewed? Y
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10707-021-00454-x
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10707-021-00454-x
Open Access N
JEL Spatial regression · Graph convolutional neural ne

Associations

People
Fischer, Manfred M. (Details)
External
Liu, Yu (Peking University, China)
Yao, Xin (Alibaba Group, China)
Zhu, Di (University of Minnesota, United States/USA)
Organization
Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1807 Economic geography (Details)
1810 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (Details)
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