Quotation Willems, Jurgen. 2021. Learning Civil Courage: A Citizens’ Perspective. Educational Researcher. 50 (9), 679-681.




Civil courage refers to the behavior where people actively intervene to protect a victim in a concrete situation of injustice despite the risk of becoming a victim themselves. To act with civil courage, one requires competencies that relate to prosocial values as well as the physical and social ability to act. In this context, this brief reports the opinions of 2,046 respondents—representatives of Germany with respect to age, gender, and region—on what, according to them, are the best contexts for learning civil courage. “At home and/or from family” as well as “through volunteering” are considered the most suitable contexts to learn civil courage. In contrast, television, social media, and the internet are considered the least supportive contexts.


Press 'enter' for creating the tag
  • Volunteering
  • Education
  • Civil Courage
  • Zivilcourage
  • Family
  • Social Media
  • Internet
  • Youth movements

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Educational Researcher
Citation Index SSCI
WU-Journal-Rating new MAN-A
Language English
Title Learning Civil Courage: A Citizens’ Perspective
Volume 50
Number 9
Year 2021
Page from 679
Page to 681
Reviewed? Y
URL https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X211044159
DOI https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X211044159
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X211044159


Willems, Jurgen (Details)
Institute for Public Management and Governance IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5114 Political education (Details)
5363 Non-profit-sector research (NPO, NPI) (Details)
5800 Educational sciences (Details)
5801 General education (Details)
5816 Education science (Details)
6906 Public research (Details)
Google Scholar: Search