Quotation Fissler, Tobias. 2021. Backtesting CoVaR using Multi-Objective Elicitability. 15th German Probability and Statistics Days, Universität Mannheim (online), Germany, 27.09.-01.10.




Backtesting risk measure forecasts requires identifiability (for model calibration and validation) and elicitability (for model comparison). We show that the widely-used systemic risk measure conditional value-at-risk (CoVaR), which measures the risk of a position Y given that a reference position X is in distress, fails to be identifiable and elicitable on its own. As a remedy, we establish the joint identifiability of CoVaR together with the value-at-risk (VaR) of the reference position X. While this resembles the situation of the classical risk measures expected shortfall (ES) and VaR concerning identifiability, a joint elicitability result fails. Therefore, we introduce a completely novel notion of multivariate scoring functions equipped with some order, which are therefore called multi-objective scores. We introduce and investigate corresponding notions of multi-objective elicitability, which may prove beneficial in various applications beyond finance. In particular, we prove that conditional elicitability of two functionals implies joint multi-objective elicitability with respect to the lexicographic order on the two-dimensional Euclidean space, which makes it applicable in the context of CoVaR together with VaR. We describe corresponding comparative backtests of Diebold-Mariano type, for two-sided and 'one and a half'- sided hypotheses, which respect the particularities of the lexicographic order and which can be used in a regulatory setting. We demonstrate the viability of these backtesting approaches in simulations and in an empirical application to DAX 30 and S&P 500 returns. The talk is based on the preprint https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.10673 which is joint work with Yannick Hoga.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium
Language English
Title Backtesting CoVaR using Multi-Objective Elicitability
Event 15th German Probability and Statistics Days
Year 2021
Date 27.09.-01.10.
Country Germany
Location Universität Mannheim (online)
URL https://www.stochastiktage-mannheim.de
JEL C18, C52, C58


Fissler, Tobias (Details)
Institute for Statistics and Mathematics IN (Details)
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