Quotation Ernst, Brittany A., Banks, George C., Loignon, Andrew C., Frear, Katherine A., Williams, Courtney E., Arciniega, Luis M., Gupta, Roopak K., Kodydek, Georg, Subramanian, Dilip. 2021. Virtual charismatic leadership and signaling theory: A prospective meta-analysis in five countries. Leadership Quarterly. 1-19.




Drawing upon signaling theory, charismatic leadership tactics (CLTs) have been identified as a trainable set of skills. Although organizations rely on technology-mediated communication, the effects of CLTs have not been examined in a virtual context. Preregistered experiments were conducted in face-to-face (Study 1; n = 121) and virtual settings (Study 2; n = 128) in the United States. In Study 3, we conducted virtual replications in Austria (n = 134), France (n = 137), India (n = 128), and Mexico (n = 124). Combined with past experiments, the meta-analytic effect of CLTs on performance (Cohen’s d = 0.52 in-person, k = 4; Cohen’s d = 0.21 overall, k = 10) and engagement in an extra-role task (Cohen’s d = 0.19 overall; k = 6) indicate large to moderate effects. Yet, for performance in a virtual context Cohen’s d ranged from −0.25 to 0.17 (Cohen’s d = 0.01 overall; k = 6). Study 4 (n = 129) provided mixed support for signaling theory in a virtual context, linking CLTs to some positive evaluations. We conclude with guidance for future research on charismatic leadership and signaling theory.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Leadership Quarterly
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new MAN-A, STRAT-A, WH-A
Language English
Title Virtual charismatic leadership and signaling theory: A prospective meta-analysis in five countries
Year 2021
Page from 1
Page to 19
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1048984321000461?via%3Dihub
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2021.101541
Open Access N


Implizite Theorien der ethischen Führung
Kodydek, Georg (Details)
Arciniega, Luis M. (ITAM, Business Department, Mexico)
Banks, George C. (University of North Carolina, United States/USA)
Ernst, Brittany A. (The Travelers Companies, Inc., United States/USA)
Frear, Katherine A. (Wake Forest University, United States/USA)
Gupta, Roopak K. (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, India)
Loignon, Andrew C. (Louisiana State University, United States/USA)
Subramanian, Dilip (NEOMA Business School, France)
Williams, Courtney E. (University of Toledo, United States/USA)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5307 Business and management economics (Details)
5333 Business management (Details)
6123 Business ethics (Details)
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