Quotation Osborn, Tom, Venturo-Conerly, Katherine, Arango, Susana, Roe, Elizabeth, Rodriguez, Micaela, Alemu, Rediet, Gan, Jenny, Wasil, Akash, Otieno, Benny, Rusch, Thomas, Ndetei, David, Wasanga, Christine, Schleider, Jessica, Weisz, John. 2021. Effect of Shamiri Layperson-Provided Intervention vs Study Skills Control Intervention for Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents in Kenya: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 1-9.


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Abstract

Importance Low-cost interventions for adolescent depression and anxiety are needed in low-resource countries such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa. Objective To assess whether Shamiri, a 4-week layperson-delivered group intervention that teaches growth mindset, gratitude, and value affirmation, can alleviate depression and anxiety symptoms in symptomatic Kenyan adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants This school-based randomized clinical trial included outcomes assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 2-week and 7-month follow-up from 4 secondary schools in Nairobi and Kiambu County, Kenya. Adolescents aged 13 to 18 years with elevated symptoms on standardized depression or anxiety measures were eligible. Intent-to-treat analyses were used to analyze effects. Recruitment took place in June 2019; follow-up data were collected in August 2019 and February 2020. Intervention Adolescents were randomized to the Shamiri intervention or to a study skills control. All adolescents in both conditions met in groups (mean group size, 9) for 60 minutes per week for 4 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures Primary outcomes were depression (Patient Health Questionnaire–8 item) and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder–7 item) symptoms. Analyses of imputed data were hypothesized to reveal significant reductions in depression and anxiety symptoms for adolescents assigned to Shamiri compared with those in the study skills group.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal JAMA Psychiatry
Citation Index SSCI
Language English
Title Effect of Shamiri Layperson-Provided Intervention vs Study Skills Control Intervention for Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents in Kenya: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Year 2021
Page from 1
Page to 9
Reviewed? Y
URL https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2780659
DOI doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.1129
Open Access N

Associations

People
Rusch, Thomas (Details)
External
Alemu, Rediet (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Arango, Susana (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Gan, Jenny (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Ndetei, David (University of Nairobi, Kenya)
Osborn, Tom (Shamiri Institute, Kenya)
Otieno, Benny (Shamiri Institute, Kenya)
Rodriguez, Micaela (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Roe, Elizabeth (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Schleider, Jessica (Stony Brook University, United States/USA)
Venturo-Conerly, Katherine (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Wasanga, Christine (Kenyatta University, Kenya)
Wasil, Akash (University of Pennsylvania, United States/USA)
Weisz, John (Harvard University, United States/USA)
Organization
Competence Center for Empirical Research Methods WE (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1162 Statistics (Details)
5509 Psychological methodology (Details)
5701 Applied statistics (Details)
5704 Social statistics (Details)
5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)
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