Housing and the Welfare State
Type Research Project
- WU Projects https://bach.wu.ac.at/d/grants/1106/
Duration March 1, 2022 - Feb. 28, 2023
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We study the perception of the role of housing assets accumulated over the life-cycle: do people in Europe rather see them as a substitute or a complement for public services provided by a “welfare state”? Does support for taxes in general and specifically property taxes vary across people with distinct such beliefs? On top, do results depend on the type of welfare state regime adopted in their country of residency or origin?
We answer this question by exploiting data collected in a large-scale survey-experiment housing survey currently conducted in Luxembourg. But are results specific to the Luxembourgish version of a European welfare state?
To answer this question, this project thus aims to extend the Luxembourg survey-experiment to three additional countries representing distinct European welfare-state regimes. By doing so we are able to show whether results are specific to a certain country, its welfare state regime and the society currently residing there or whether our findings are more general in describing human behaviour in contemporary Europe.
Our research thus builds the basis for better designed tax and welfare-state regimes in the context of housing supported by tax-payers in Europe. Our comparative study will also enable policy-makers in different parts of Europe to learn from best-practises and potentially adjust tax designs and related public communication strategies.