2021 Kratochvil, Renate, Biscaro, Claudio, Tippmann, Esther, Nell, Phillip C., Parker, Andrew. 2021. Cum grano salis, with a grain of salt. Gender differences in the involvement of superiors in problem formulation. DRUID21 Conference, Kopenhagen, Dänemark, 18.10.-20.10. (Details)
  Glock, Michael, Nell, Phillip C., Pedersen, Torben. 2021. Facets of Intervention – The Effect of Headquarters Intervention on Subunit Compliance. AIB 2021 Online Conference, Online, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 28.06.-02-07. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C. 2021. Research Methods in IB – Trends and Future Agenda. Panel-organization and contribution at the Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting 2021, Online, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 28.06.-02-07. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Reiche, Sebastian, Welch, Catherine, Cerar, Jelena, Piekkari, Rebecca, Nielsen, Bo. 2021. Research Methods in IB – Trends and Future Agenda. Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting 2021, Online, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 28.06.-02.07. (Details)
2020 Cerar, Jelena, Nell, Phillip C., Decreton, Benoit. 2020. Biases in Financial Resource Allocation to Subsidiary Projects: The Role of Psychic Distance. Academy of Management (AoM) Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Kanada, 07.08.-11.08. (Details)
  Gerstbauer, Anita, Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C. 2020. Individual power holders’ Twitter statements about firms and their consequences for stock prices. AIB (Academy of International Business) Annual Conference 2020, Miami, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 02.07.-06.07. (Details)
  Gerstbauer, Anita, Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C. 2020. Individual Power Holders’ Twitter Statements about Firms and their Consequences for Stock Prices. Academy of Management (AoM) Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Kanada, 07.08.-11.08. (Details)
  Cerar, Jelena, Dimitrova, Mihaela, Nell, Phillip C. 2020. Management Practices in CEE Transition Economies: The Influence of MNC Resources. Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting, Miami, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 02.07.-06.07. (Details)
  Cerar, Jelena, Dimitrova, Mihaela, Nell, Phillip C. 2020. MNC resources and country of origin – a key to good operational management practices in subsidiary plants in the Western Balkans? European International Business Academy (EIBA), Online, Belgien, 10.12.-12.12. (Details)
  Schmitt, Jan. 2020. The CEO Effect in HQ Relocation Decisions: A Microfoundational Perspective. Strategic Management Society Annual Conference, Online, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 26.10.-30.10. (Details)
  Cerar, Jelena, Nell, Phillip C., Decreton, Benoit. 2020. The effect of headquarters’ managers biases on the internal financial resource allocation to subsidiaries’ initiatives. Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting, Miami, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 02.07.-06.07. (Details)
  Andrews, Daniel, Nell, Phillip C. 2020. When We Don’t Get What We Need: Aspiration Gaps and Subunit Response Strategies. Academy of Management (AoM) Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Kanada, 07.08.-11.08. (Details)
2019 Gerstbauer, Anita. 2019. Individual power holders’ social media statements about firms and their consequences for stock prices. EIBA 2019 - Doctoral Tutorial, Leeds, Großbritannien, 13.12. (Details)
  Decreton, Benoit, Tippmann, Esther, Nell, Phillip C., Parker, Andrew. 2019. The Involvement of Senior Management in Decentralized Problem-Solving Activities. AIB 2019 Conference, Copenhagen, Dänemark, 24.06.-27.06. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Gerstbauer, Anita, Nell, Phillip C. 2019. Trump’s Twitter Fury, Foreign Firms, and Corporate Political Activity: How Do Stock Markets React? AIB UKI Conference 2019, Brighton, Großbritannien, 25.04.-27.04. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Gerstbauer, Anita, Nell, Phillip C. 2019. Trump’s Twitter Fury, Foreign Firms, and Corporate Political Activity: How Do Stock Markets React? AIB 2019 Conference, Copenhagen, Dänemark, 24.06.-27.06. (Details)
2018 Klopf, Patricia. 2018. Framing Airbnb and the Home Sharing Economy: Corporate Political Activity in the Dynamic Regulatory Context of a Nascent Ecosystem. Ivey PhD Sustainability Academy, London, Ontario, Kanada, 18.10.-21.10. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia. 2018. Lobbying success as an indicator of the liability of foreignness. SMS SSIG Paper Development Workshop, Paris, Frankreich, 22.09.-25.09. (Details)
  Decreton, Benoit, Monteiro, Felipe. 2018. Making it Through the System: The Internal Transfer Process of External Knowledge. Strategic Management Society, Paris, France, 22.09-25.09. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Tina, Tippmann, Esther. 2018. Subsidiary Initiatives in MNCs: Network Mobilization and Fluidity Across Initiative Phases. Strategic Management Society, Paris, Frankreich, 22.9.-25.9. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Gerstbauer, Anita, Nell, Phillip C. 2018. Trump's Twitter fury and how it matters for multinational corporations. European International Business Academy 2018 Conference, Poznan, Polen, 13.12.-15.12. (Details)
2017 Kratochvil, Renate, Tippmann, Esther. Forthcoming. Managers in MNCs Receiving Knowledge from Geographically Distant Individuals: The Moderating Effects of Cognitive, Social and Organizational Proximity. AIB-UKI Annual Conference, Henley Business School, Reading, United Kingdom, 06.04-08.04. (Details)
  Kratochvil, Renate, Tippmann, Esther. Forthcoming. Managers in MNCs Receiving Knowledge from Geographically Distant Individuals: The Moderating Effects of Cognitive, Social and Organizational Proximity. Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 01.07-06.07. (Details)
  Zobel, Nina, Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn, Kunisch, Sven. 2017. The Antidote to Envy? Socialization¿s Role in Alleviating the Influence of Envy in Headquarters-Subunit Alignment. Strategic Management Society (SMS) Annual Conference, Houston, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 28.10.-31.10. (Details)
2016 Kostova, Tatiana, Nell, Phillip C., Hoenen, Anne Kristin. Forthcoming. A Contextualized Model of Headquarters-Subsidiary Agency Problems. SMS Special Conference, Hong Kong, China, 10.12.-12.12. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., van Essen, Marc, Wagner, Dominik, Block, Joern, Spadafora, Ettore, Lander, Michel. 2016. Do Institutions really matter for the Relationship between Diversification and Performance? A Meta-Analytical Approach. SMS Special Conference, Hong Kong, China, 10.12.2016-12.12.2016. (Details)
  Kratochvil, Renate. 2016. Managers in MNCs receiving knowledge from geographically distant individuals. The moderating effects of cognitive, social and organizational proximity. Doctoral Tutorial / EIBA 2016, Vienna, Austria, 01.12-05.12. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Klopf, Patricia, Puck, Jonas. 2016. MNE Subsidiaries' Cooperation with NGOs and Grassroots Organizations in Emerging Markets. Research Symposium on Nonmarket Social and Political Strategies: New Integrative Approaches and Interdisciplinary Borrowings, London, Großbritannien, 26.05.-26.05. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C., Puck, Jonas. 2016. Powerful or under scrutiny? Disentangling the effect of size on subsidiary political strategies. UM CIBER Global Strategy & Emerging Markets Annual Conference, Miami, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 06.01.-08.01. (Details)
  Parker, Andrew, Tippmann, Esther, Kratochvil, Renate. 2016. Receiving Novel Knowledge for Problem Solving in the MNC: A Network Mobilization Perspective. EIBA European International Business Academy, Vienna, Austria, 01.12-05.12. (Details)
  Jiménez, Alfredo, Benito-Osorio, Diana, Puck, Jonas, Klopf, Patricia. 2016. The Multi-faceted Role of Experience Dealing with Policy Risk: The Impact of Intensity and Diversity of Experiences. 2016 Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, New Orleans, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 27.06.-30.06. (Details)
  Holm, Alison E., Nell, Phillip C., Klopf, Patricia, Decreton, Benoit. 2016. The sequential response process to conflicting demands in the context of institutional duality in MNC subsidiaries. Academy of International Business, London, Großbritannien, 07.04.-09.04. (Details)
  Holm, Alison E., Nell, Phillip C., Klopf, Patricia, Decreton, Benoit. 2016. The sequential response process to conflicting demands in the context of institutional duality in MNC subsidiaries. Academy of International Business Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 27.06.-30.06. (Details)
  Müllner, Jakob, Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C. 2016. Trojan Horses or Local Allies: Local Board Members in Emerging Market Subsidiaries. 2016 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 05.08.-09.08. (Details)
  Parker, Andrew, Tippmann, Esther, Kratochvil, Renate. 2016. Utilizing Diverse Knowledge for Problem Solving in the MNC. Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Conference, New Orleans, United States/USA, 01.07-06.07. (Details)
  Kratochvil, Renate, Parker, Andrew, Tippmann, Esther. 2016. Utilizing Diverse Knowledge for Problem Solving in the MNC: A Network Mobilization Perspective. AIB-UKI Annual Conference, University of London, United Kingdom, 07.04.-09.04. (Details)
  Kratochvil, Renate, Parker, Andrew, Tippmann, Esther. 2016. Utilizing Diverse Knowledge for Problem Solving in the MNC: A Network Mobilization Perspective. Paper Development Workshop, Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland, 14.03.-15.03. (Details)
2015 Nell, Phillip C., Kappen, P., Dellestrand, H. 2015. Beyond Simple Headquarters Configurations: Headquarters Involvement in Multibusiness Firms’ Innovation Activities. Strategic Management Society (SMS), Special Topic Conference, St. Gallen, Schweiz, May. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C., Puck, Jonas. 2015. Buffered or under Scrutiny? Disentangling the Effect of Sizeon Subsidiary Political Strategies. Academy of International Business (AIB), Bengaluru, Indien, 27.06.-30.06. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Kappen, P., Dellestrand, H. 2015. Dual Headquarters Involvement in Multibusiness Firms. Academy of International Business, UK Chapter, Reading, Großbritannien, May. (Details)
  Tippmann, E., Nell, Phillip C. 2015. Solving Complex Problems to Create Charter Extension Options: The Role of Balanced Solution Search Processes. Strategic Management Society (SMS) Special Topic Conference, St. Gallen, Schweiz, 28.05.-30.05. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia, Nell, Phillip C. 2015. Subsidiary Political Embeddedness - A Matter of Place and Space?:The Role of Geographic Distance and Contextual Complexity. Academy of International Business Northeast Frontier Conference (AIBNE), Boston, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 22.10.-24.10. (Details)
  Decreton, Benoit, Stea, Diego. 2015. Subsidiary Proactive Initiative Behavior: How the Organizational Context Shapes Subsidiary Managers Reactions to Headquarters Activities. Strategic Management Society Special Conference, StGallen, Schweiz, 28.05.- 30.05.. (Details)
  Decreton, Benoit, Nell, Phillip C., Stea, D. 2015. Subsidiary proactive initiative behavior: How the organizational context shapes subsidiary managers reactions to headquarters activities. ANZIBA Conference - Accepted not presented, Melbourne, Australien, 11.02.-13.02. (Details)
2014 Nell, Phillip C., Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd, Ambos, Björn. 2014. Contextual and Geographic Distance Between Headquarters and Subsidiaries and its Relationship with Headquarters Value Added. Strategic Management Society (SMS), Madrid, Spanien, 20.09.-23.09. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd, Ambos, Björn. 2014. Does Distance to Subsidiaries affect Headquarters Value Added? Academy of International Business (AIB), Vancouver, Kanada, 23.06.-26.06. (Details)
  Kappen, Philip, Nell, Phillip C., Dellestrand, Henrik. 2014. Dual Headquarters Involvement in Multibusiness Firms. Strategic Management Society (SMS), Madrid, Spanien, 20.09.-23.09. (Details)
  Kappen, P., Nell, Phillip C., Dellestrand, H. 2014. Dual Headquarters Involvement in Multibusiness Firms. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Uppsala, Schweden, 11.12.-13.12. (Details)
  Philip, Kappen, Nell, Phillip C., Dellestrand, Henrik. 2014. Dual Headquarters Involvement in Subsidiary Innovation. Academy of International Business (AIB), Vancouver, Kanada, 23.06.-26.06. (Details)
  Kim, Jin Uk, Nell, Phillip C., Nguyen, Quyen, Qian, Gong-ming. 2014. Regionalization and the Multinational Enterprise: Resolving Contentions and Identifying Blindspots. Academy of International Business (AIB), Vancouver, Kanada, 23.06.-26.06. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C. 2014. Regionalization and the Multinational Enterprise: Resolving Contentions and Identifying Blindspots. Panel-Organization and contribution at the European International Business Academy (EIBA), Uppsala, Schweden, 11.12.-13.12. (Details)
  Decreton, Benoit, Nell, Phillip C., Stea, D. 2014. Subsidiary proactive initiative behavior: How the organizational context shapes subsidiary managers reactions to headquarters activities. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Uppsala, Schweden, 11.12.-13.12. (Details)
  Klopf, Patricia. 2014. The role of institutions in the study of MNC political linkages. New institutionalism across borders: Workshop on Recent Developments in Institutional Theory and the MNC Research Context, Copenhagen Business School, Dänemark, 30.10.-31.10. (Details)
2013 Asmussen, Christian G., Foss, Nicolai J., Nell, Phillip. 2013. A Double-Edged Sword: Procedural Justice Constrains Harmful and Beneficial Headquarters Intervention. Sumantra Ghoshal Conference in Strategic Management, London Business School, Großbritannien, June. (Details)
  Valentino, Alfredo, Nell, Phillip, Hotho, Jasper J.. 2013. Time to move on? The impact of institutions and economic crises on headquarters mobility. Academy of International Business (AIB), Istanbul, Türkei, -. (Details)
2012 Heidenreich, Stefan, Puck, Jonas, Nell, Phillip. 2012. Antecedents and Performance Consequences of Subsidiaries' Political Activities in Emerging Markets - An Institutional Approach. Academy of International Business (AIB), Washington D.C., Vereinigte Staaten/USA, -. (Details)
  Heidenreich, Stefan, Puck, Jonas, Nell, Phillip. 2012. Antecedents and Performance Consequences of Subsidiaries' Political Activities in Emerging Markets - An Institutional Approach. Australia And New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA), Adelaide, Australien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Larsen, Marcus M.. 2012. MNC Headquarters as Activity Systems: The Consequences of Differentiating and Relocating MNC Headquarters. Academy of International Business (AIB), Washington D.C., Vereinigte Staaten/USA, -. (Details)
  Perri, Alessandra, Andersson, Ulf, Nell, Phillip, Santangelo, Grazia D.. 2012. Subsidiary Linkage Patterns: Learning Prospects and Spillover Risks. Academy of International Business – UK Chapter, Liverpool, Großbritannien, -. (Details)
  Perri, Alessandra, Andersson, Ulf, Nell, Phillip, Santangelo, Grazia D.. 2012. Subsidiary Linkage Patterns: Learning Prospects and Spillover Risks. Academy of International Business (AIB), Washington D.C., Vereinigte Staaten/USA, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Andersson, Ulf. 2012. The Competitive Advantage of Interconnected Firms: A Multilevel Model of Antecedents and Consequences of Buyer-Supplier Exchange Relationships. Strategic Management Society, Prag, Tschechische Republik, -. (Details)
  Asmussen, Christian G., Foss, Nicolai J., Nell, Phillip. 2012. The Paradox of Good Parenting: A Game-Theoretical Model of Procedural Justice and Headquarters Intervention. Strategic Management Society, Prag, Tschechische Republik, -. (Details)
2011 Nell, Phillip, Larsen, Marcus M.. 2011. An Organizational Design Perspective on the Consequences of Complex and Geographically Dispersed Headquarter Systems. Workshop on the Behavior, Role, and Value Added of Headquarters in MNCs, Copenhagen, Dänemark, May. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Andersson, Ulf. 2011. Context Matters! How the Business Network Context Influences the Extent to which Subsidiaries Embed Locally. Academy of International Business UK/Ireland Chapter, Edinburgh, Großbritannien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Ambos, Björn. 2011. Explaining the Relevance of MNC Headquarters' Knowledge to Subsidiaries - The Role of Shared Context. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Bucharest, Rumänien, -. (Details)
  Hoenen, Anne K., Nell, Phillip. 2011. Intra-Regional Similarity and Its Influence on Entrepreneurial Charter Strength of Regional Headquarters. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Bucharest, Rumänien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip. 2011. Making Headquarter Knowledge Relevant - How Shared Context Affects the Relevance that MNC Subunit Managers Attribute to HQ Knowledge. Academy of International Business, Nagoya, Japan, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Ambos, Björn. 2011. Making Headquarter Knowledge Relevant - How Shared Context Affects the Relevance that MNC Subunit Managers Attribute to HQ Knowledge. Workshop on the Behavior, Role, and Value Added of Headquarters in MNCs, Copenhagen, Dänemark, May. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Andersson, Ulf. 2011. Redundancies in External Relationships of Multinational Corporations - A Conceptual Model and Preliminary Evidence. Academy of International Business UK/Ireland Chapter, Edinburgh, Großbritannien, -. (Details)
  Foss, Kirsten, Foss, Nicolai J., Nell, Phillip. 2011. Selective Intervention Hazards in MNC Network Organizations: How Can MNCs Control Perceived Heaquarter Opportunism?. Workshop on the Behavior, Role, and Value Added of Headquarters in MNCs, Copenhagen, Dänemark, May. (Details)
  Foss, Kirsten, Foss, Nicolai J., Nell, Phillip. 2011. Selective Intervention Hazards in MNC Network Organizations: How Can MNCs Control Perceived Heaquarter Opportunism?. Strategic Management Society Conference Extension Program, Miami, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, -. (Details)
  Foss, Kirsten, Foss, Nicolai J., Nell, Phillip. 2011. Selective Intervention Hazards in MNC Network Organizations: How Can MNCs Control Perceived Heaquarter Opportunism?. Academy of International Business, Nagoya, Japan, -. (Details)
  Ambos, Tina Claudia, Nell, Phillip, Pedersen, Torben. 2011. The Complementarity of Knowledge Stocks and Flows Within and Across Value Chain Functions. Academy of International Business, Nagoya, Japan, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Larsen, Marcus M.. 2011. What Are the Consequences of Differentiating and Relocating MNC Headquarters Systems?. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Bucharest, Rumänien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn. 2011. Shared Context and its Effect on the Relevance of HQ Knowledge and Information for MNCs Subsidiaries. Strategic Management Society Annual Meeting, Miami Beach, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, - (Details)
2010 Nell, Phillip, Ambos, Björn. 2010. An Embeddedness Perspective on the Value Creation of MNC Parents - Evidence from European Manufacturing Subsidiaries. Academy of International Business (AIB), Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Andersson, Ulf. 2010. Complexity within Business Networks and its Influence on Relation-Specific Investments. Academy of International Business (AIB), Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip, Andersson, Ulf. 2010. Environmental Complexity and its Influence on Firm Investments into Relational Embeddedness - An Empirical Study in the Context of Multinational Corporations. European Academy of Management, Rome, Italien, -. (Details)
  Perri, Alessandra, Andersson, Ulf, Nell, Phillip, Santangelo, Grazia D.. 2010. Quality of Local Linkages and the Trade-Off between Learning Opportunities and the Risk of Spillover: Insights from Developed Countries. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Porto, Portugal, -. (Details)
  Ambos, Tina Claudia, Nell, Phillip, Pedersen, Torben. 2010. The Complementarity of Knowledge Stocks and Flows within and across Value Chain Functions. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Porto, Portugal, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn. 2010. Headquarters Value Creation in the Dispersed and Externally Embedded MNC - Evidence from European Manufacturing Subsidiaries, presented at. Strategic Management Society Annual Meeting, Rome, Italien, - (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn. 2010. Headquarters Value Creation in the Dispersed and Externally Embedded MNC-Evidence from European Manufacturing Subsidiaries,presented at. Academy of International Business Annual Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, -- (Details)
2009 Nell, Phillip, Ambos, Björn. 2009. The Modern Network MNC: The Influence of External Relationships on the Value Added of Headquarters. European International Business Academy (EIBA), Valencia, Spanien, -. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn, Schlegelmilch, Bodo B. 2009. MNC Relationshipos to the Local Context - Exploring the Phenomen of Embeddedness Overlap. Academy of Internatinal Business, San Diego, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, - (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn, Schlegelmilch, Bodo B. 2009. The MNC as an Inter-Organizational Network: An Investigation of HQ Linkages to Local Subsidiary Networks, European International Business Academy, Valencia, Spanien, - (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Ambos, Björn. 2009. The Value Added of MNC Headquarters - Agency Problems or Benefits of Structural Hole Positions? Organizing for Internal and External Knowledge Creation and Innovation: The Role of Resources, Copenhagen Business School, Dänemark, - (Details)
2008 Nell, Phillip C., Schlegelmilch, Bodo B. 2008. Antecedents and Performance Consequences of MNC Embeddedness Overlap – A Conceptual Model. Academy of International Business, Milano, Italien, 30.6.-3.7.2008. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C. 2008. MNC relationships to the local context – exploring the phenomenon of embeddedness overlap. The Nordic Research School in International Business, Kopenhagen, Dänemark, 22.05-23.05. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Schlegelmilch, Bodo B. 2008. Overlapping Relationships of Headquarters and Subsidiaries to Local Networks - A Conceptual Model of Antecedents and Performance Consequences. European International Business Academy, Tallinn, Estland, 11.12-13.12.2008. (Details)
  Lehrer, Mark, Nell, Phillip C., Gärber, Lisa. 2008. The Non-Emergence of the Entrepreneurial University in Germany. EGOS Colloquium, Amsterdam, Niederlande, 10.07.-12.07. (Details)
2007 Nell, Phillip C., Raab, Katharina Johanne. 2007. Beyond Subsidiary Embeddedness - A Framework for Future Analysis of MNC Embeddedness. EIBA Annual Conference, Catania, Italien, 11.12. - 13.12. (Details)
  Nell, Phillip C., Schlegelmilch, Bodo B. 2007. Managing International Interdependence: The Role of Regional Headquarters. Strategic Management Society, San Diego, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 14.10.-17.10. (Details)